Fall Workshop. Join New Member. Reinstatement Form. Members Only. Genealogy Education. Book Catalog. New Acquisitions. Library Hours. Database Indexes. Resource Links. Unclaimed Photos etc. Contact Us. Subject: Select Gilmore, bandmaster extraordinary. Irish pedigrees, or, The origin and stem of the Irish nation. Irish settlers in America, a consolidation of articles from the American Irish Historical Society, vol 1. Irish settlers in America, a consolidation of articles from the American Irish Historical Society, vol 2. Irish-American genealogist, vol and list of contents of issues Iron Eyes family: the children of Joseph La Flesche.
Office of Registrar Geneal. Ishi in two worlds: a biography of the last wild Indian in North America. Island in the sky: pioneering accounts of Mount Rainier It is a good day to die: Indian eyewitnesses tell the story of the Battle of the Little Bighorn. It seems like only yesterday: mining and mapping in Arizona's first century, vol I: the Yuma years. Italians to America - lists of passengers arriving at U. Item 1.
Jackson Street cemetery: original city cemetery of Athens, Georgia. Jacksonville, Illinois genealogical journal, vol Ellis Island's use as a detention center dates from World War I, when it was used to house those who were suspected of being enemy soldiers. Anti-immigrant sentiments developed in the U. This included immigrants who entered in violation of previous exclusion acts; Chinese immigrants in violation of the act; those convicted of felonies or other "crimes of moral turpitude"; and those involved in prostitution.
During and immediately following World War II, Ellis Island was used to hold German merchant mariners and "enemy aliens"— Axis nationals detained for fear of spying, sabotage, and other fifth column activity.
The Internal Security Act of barred members of communist or fascist organizations from immigrating to the United States. Ellis Island saw detention peak at 1,, but by , after changes to immigration laws and policies , only 30 to 40 detainees remained. When immigration through Ellis Island peaked, eugenic ideals gained broad popularity and made heavy impact on immigration to the United States by way of exclusion of disabled and "morally defective" people.
Eugenicists of the late 19th and early 20th century believed human reproductive selection should be carried out by the state as a collective decision. At the time, it was a broadly popular idea that immigration policies had ought to be based on eugenics principles in order to help create a "superior race" in America. To do this, defective persons needed to be screened by immigration officials and denied entry on the basis of their disability.
During the line inspection process, ailments were marked using chalk. The people with moral or mental disability, who were of higher concern to officials and under the law, were required to be excluded from entry to the United States. Persons with physical disability were under higher inspection and could be turned away on the basis of their disability. Much of this came in part of the eugenicist belief that defects are hereditary, especially those of the moral and mental nature those these are often outwardly signified by physical deformity as well. Talbot wrote in , " crime is hereditary, a tendency which is, in most cases, associated with bodily defects.
There were fifteen commissioners assigned to oversee immigration procedures at the Port of New York, and thus, operations at Ellis Island.
Until , the commissioners were political appointees; the final three commissioners held a non-partisan position of "district director". One man, William Williams , served twice as commissioner. According to a popular myth, immigrants were unwillingly forced to take new names, though there are no historical records of this.
Records show that immigration officials often actually corrected mistakes in immigrants' names, since inspectors knew three languages on average and each worker was usually assigned to process immigrants who spoke the same languages. Many immigrant families Americanized their surnames afterward, either immediately following the immigration process or gradually after assimilating into American culture.
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There are auditoriums on all floors. In , by act of Congress and despite opposition from the NPS, the museum's library was officially renamed the Bob Hope Memorial Library in honor of one the station's most famous immigrants, comedian Bob Hope. The Wall of Honor outside of the main building contains a list of , names inscribed on panels, including slaves, Native Americans, and immigrants that were not processed on the island. NPS offers a number of education opportunities, including self-guided tours and immersive, role-playing activities.
Students in grades simulate health checks, kinaesthetic activities, and legal inspections, before discovering their characters ultimate fate. The south side of the island, home to the Ellis Island Immigrant Hospital, is abandoned and remains unrenovated. Hodel convened a long-inactive federal commission to determine how the south side of Ellis Island should be used.
Save Ellis Island is spearheading preservation efforts of the south side of the island. The ferry building remains only partially accessible to the general public, despite having been renovated in In , the NPS started offering guided public tours of the south side as part of the "Hard Hat Tour", which charged an additional fee on top of the standard ferry ticket to Liberty and Ellis Islands.
The additional fee revenues would help fund the preservation of the south side. Police services and security are provided for the island by the United States Park Police. The Ellis Island Medal of Honor is awarded annually to American citizens, both native-born and naturalized.
Italians to America, June - October - Ira A Glazier - Bok () | Bokus
According to the award's sponsors, the medal is given to those who "have distinguished themselves within their own ethnic groups while exemplifying the values of the American way of life. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Ellis Island disambiguation. European immigrants arriving at Ellis Island, National Monument. National Register of Historic Places.
Italians to America, October 1903 - March 1904
New Jersey Register of Historic Places. New York City Landmark. See also: Ellis Island Immigrant Hospital. Play media. See also: Ellis Island Special. This includes about 2. These numbers also include immigrants who did not pass through Ellis Island.
Retrieved January 2, Retrieved January 1, April 5, National Park Service. March 13, Retrieved August 2, Hagstrom Map Company, Inc. Castagna; Lawrence L. Thornton; John M.
- Italians to America, June 1903 - October 1903.
- Colonial Narratives Cultural Dialogues: Discoveries of India in the Language of Colonialism;
- List of Papers.
- Papers Relating to the Foreign Relations of the United States, 1923, Volume II.
Archived from the original on October 18, Retrieved November 17, Wins Claim to Most of Ellis Island". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 12, Retrieved November 18, Senate Journal of the Senate of the State of New Jersey: Being the Session of the Legislature. Retrieved June 11, Random House Publishing Group. Retrieved June 4, The New York Times. Retrieved June 3, Home Library of Congress. August 24, Retrieved July 14, May 11, Retrieved May 1, Jersey City U.
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New York , U. Camden, NJ. New State Department of Environmental Protection. Retrieved August 31, February 4, National Park Service ". March 9, December 21, After the court event, both states agreed to share jurisdiction, even though the islands remain a wholly federal property. The state of New Jersey gave the place its own tax number. Sheet May 20, Retrieved June 16, Ferry Map. Retrieved October 20, Statue of Liberty. Retrieved August 30, September 15, Retrieved June 8, University of Texas Press. What About One That's There? December 1, May 10, The Oyster Industry of New Jersey.
Monographs on New Jersey's industries. Retrieved June 22, February 26, Ellis Island Coming to the Land of Liberty. Retrieved April 24, The Market Book. Governors Island, its military history under three flags, Valentine's Manual New York. United States Congressional serial set.
Government Printing Office. Congress Gales and Seaton. Talk of the Town. CDSG Press. October 1, North American Forts. New York: Macmillan.
Naval History and Heritage Command
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Colonel Bastedo on Ellis Island. Social Worker Praises Immigrants. Wallis Deplores Conditions". December 6, August 15, January 15, January 23, Retrieved December 27, CBS News. June 23, April 1, October 31, April 11, Ithaca Journal. June 16, Press and Sun-Bulletin. Binghamton, NY. July 29, June 3, The Herald-News. Passaic, NJ. November 12, November 30, July 16, December 2, November 17, September 14, The Daily Beast. August 29,